Abstract Title:

Activation of Nrf2-driven antioxidant enzymes by cardamonin confers neuroprotection of PC12 cells against oxidative damage.

Abstract Source:

Food Funct. 2017 Mar 22 ;8(3):997-1007. PMID: 28271112

Abstract Author(s):

Shoujiao Peng, Yanan Hou, Juan Yao, Jianguo Fang

Article Affiliation:

Shoujiao Peng


Oxidative stress represents a disorder of the redox equilibrium between the production of free radicals and the capability of cells to eliminate them. As subversion of this redox balance is thought to initiate various diseases, living cells maintain a redox equilibrium diligently. More and more pieces of evidence show that oxidative stress has already become a common risk factor in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. So, considerable importance has been given to the prevention of oxidative stress as a potential therapeutic strategy. It is well known that the Nrf2-ARE pathway represents one of the most important cellular endogenous defense mechanisms against oxidative stress. Activation of Nrf2 signaling induces the transcriptional regulation of multiple ARE-dependent antioxidant defense genes. Here, we showed that cardamonin (CD), a chalcone isolated from Alpinia katsumadai, attenuated cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide (HO) and 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in PC12 cells. Pretreatment of PC12 cells with CD dose-dependently upregulated the expression of phase II antioxidant molecules governed by Nrf2. In contrast, CD failed to provide neuroprotection after silencing Nrf2 expression, indicating that this cytoprotection may be mediated by the activation of transcription factor Nrf2. Our results demonstrate that CD is a novel small molecule activator of Nrf2 in PC12 cells, and suggest that CD may be a potential candidate for the prevention of oxidative stress-mediated neurodegenerative disorders.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.