Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Acute ingestion of dietary nitrate increases muscle blood flow via local vasodilation during handgrip exercise in young adults.

Abstract Source:

Physiol Rep. 2018 Jan ;6(2). PMID: 29380952

Abstract Author(s):

Jennifer C Richards, Matthew L Racine, Christopher M Hearon, Megan Kunkel, Gary J Luckasen, Dennis G Larson, Jason D Allen, Frank A Dinenno

Article Affiliation:

Jennifer C Richards


Dietary nitrate (NO3-) is converted to nitrite (NO2-) and can be further reduced to the vasodilator nitric oxide (NO) amid a low Oenvironment. Accordingly, dietary NO3- increases hind limb blood flow in rats during treadmill exercise; however, the evidence of such an effect in humans is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that acute dietary NO3- (via beetroot [BR] juice) increases forearm blood flow (FBF) via local vasodilation during handgrip exercise in young adults (n = 11; 25 ± 2 years). FBF (Doppler ultrasound) and blood pressure (Finapres) were measured at rest and during graded handgrip exercise at 5%, 15%, and 25% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) lasting 4 min each. At the highest workload (25% MVC), systemic hypoxia (80% SaO) was induced and exercise continued for three additional minutes. Subjects ingested concentrated BR (12.6 mmol nitrate (n = 5) or 16.8 mmol nitrate (n = 6) and repeated the exercise bout either 2 (12.6 mmol) or 3 h (16.8 mmol) postconsumption. Compared to control, BR significantly increased FBF at 15% MVC (184 ± 15 vs. 164 ± 15 mL/min), 25% MVC (323 ± 27 vs. 286 ± 28 mL/min), and25% + hypoxia (373 ± 39 vs. 343 ± 32 mL/min) and this was due to increases in vascular conductance (i.e., vasodilation). The effect of BR on hemodynamics was not different between the two doses of BR ingested. Forearm VOwas also elevated during exercise at 15% and 25% MVC. We conclude that acute increases in circulating NO3- and NO2- via BR increases muscle blood flow during moderate- to high-intensity handgrip exercise via local vasodilation. These findings may have important implications for aging and diseased populations that demonstrate impaired muscle perfusion and exercise intolerance.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Exercise : CK(4855) : AC(736)
Pharmacological Actions : Vasodilator Agents : CK(626) : AC(169)
Additional Keywords : Dietary Nitrate Consumption

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.