Abstract Title:

Alkaloid rich fraction from Nelumbo nucifera targets VSMC proliferation and migration to suppress restenosis in balloon-injured rat carotid artery.

Abstract Source:

Atherosclerosis. 2016 Mar 21 ;248:179-189. Epub 2016 Mar 21. PMID: 27018542

Abstract Author(s):

Moon Young Jun, Rajendra Karki, Keshav Raj Paudel, Bhesh Raj Sharma, Deepak Adhikari, Dong-Wook Kim

Article Affiliation:

Moon Young Jun


AIMS: Restenosis- an adverse consequence following angioplasty, and atherosclerosis are characterized by abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration leading to neo-intima formation. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of alkaloid rich fraction (ARF) from Nelumbo nucifera and isolated compound neferine on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB) induced VSMC proliferation and migration in vitro and neo-intima formation in a rat carotid artery injury model.

METHODS: PDGF-BB induced VSMC proliferation and migration was assessed using colorimetric assay and modified Boyden chamber method respectively. Gene expression of cell cycle associated molecules was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The signaling molecules such as PDGF-Rβ, extracellular regulated kinase (ERK)1/2, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), P38, metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) were determined by western blot analysis. Stress fiber formation was evaluated using immunofluorescence microscopy. The rat carotid artery balloon injury model was performed to assess the effect of ARF on neo-intima formation.

RESULTS: ARF possessed the strongest anti-oxidant activities. The anti-proliferative activity of both ARF and neferine was due to suppression of cyclin D1, cyclin E and cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) gene expression. Moreover, ARF and neferine inhibited PDGF-Rβ, ERK1/2, JNK and P38 activations and NF-κB translocation. Also, ARF and neferine inhibited VSMC migration by inhibiting MMP-9 activity without affecting cytoskeleton remodeling. In a rat carotid artery injury model, ARF inhibited neo-intima formation.

CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that ARF targets VSMC proliferation and migration to attenuate neo-intima formation by inhibition of PDGF-Rβ mediated signaling.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.