Allicin alleviates inflammation of diabetic macroangiopathy via the Nrf2 and NF-kB pathway. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Allicin alleviates inflammation of diabetic macroangiopathy via the Nrf2 and NF-kB pathway.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2020 Mar 2:173052. Epub 2020 Mar 2. PMID: 32135124
As diabetic macroangiopathy is becoming increasingly prevalent, it is urgent to explore preventive and therapeutic drugs and study the mechanism. Diabetic mice were induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ)for five consecutive days. Diabetic mice were divided into diabetic and allicin groups. After sacrifice, frozen aortic root sections were immunohistochemically stained for nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and inflammation cytokine-tumor necrosis factorα (TNF-α), and the remaining aortic tissues were analyzed by Western blot for the expression of proinflammation genes. In vitro, Nrf2 and inflammatory relative protein expression levels in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) were examined. HUVECs proliferation and apoptosis were measured. TNF-α expression was increased in diabetic group compared to that in control group; this effect was alleviated in allicin-treated mice. Inflammation relative protein expression of Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1(VCAM-1), Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase (iNOS), and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) was higher in the diabetic group than in the control group; however, allicin treatment inhibited these diabetes-induced increase. In vitro, allicin treatment reversed the hyperglycemia-induced reduction in proliferation, and decreased the apoptosis induced by high glucose. Inflammation relative protein expression was consistent with that in vivo. Additionally, the expression of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB)and Nrf2 was increased in both DM mice and HUVECs; allicin treatment induced a significant reduction in NF-κB level and improvement in Nrf2level. Allicin alleviates inflammation caused by diabetic macroangiopathy, and the mechanism may occur via increasing Nrf2 and decreasing NF-κB.