Abstract Title:

Allicin, a natural antimicrobial defence substance from garlic, inhibits DNA gyrase activity in bacteria.

Abstract Source:

Int J Med Microbiol. 2019 Sep 25:151359. Epub 2019 Sep 25. PMID: 31585716

Abstract Author(s):

Jana Reiter, Anna Maria Hübbers, Frank Albrecht, Lars Ingo Ole Leichert, Alan John Slusarenko

Article Affiliation:

Jana Reiter


Allicin (diallylthiosulfinate) is a potent antimicrobial substance, produced by garlic tissues upon wounding as a defence against pathogens and pests. Allicin is a reactive sulfur species (RSS) that oxidizes accessible cysteines in glutathione and proteins. We used a differential isotopic labelling method (OxICAT) to identify allicin targets in the bacterial proteome. We compared the proteomes of allicin-susceptible Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf0-1 and allicin-tolerant PfAR-1 after a sublethal allicin exposure. Before exposure to allicin, proteins were in a predominantly reduced state, with approximately 77% of proteins showing less than 20% cysteine oxidation. Protein oxidation increased after exposure to allicin, and only 50% of proteins from allicin-susceptible Pf0-1, but 65% from allicin-tolerant PfAR-1, remained less than 20% oxidised. DNA gyrase was identified as an allicin target. Cysin DNA gyrase subunit A (GyrA) was approximately 6% oxidized in untreated bacteria. After allicin treatment the degree of Cysoxidation increased to 55% in susceptible Pf0-1 but only to 10% in tolerant PfAR-1. Allicin inhibited E. coli DNA gyrase activity in vitro in the same concentration range as nalidixic acid. Purified PfAR-1 DNA gyrase was inhibited to greater extent by allicin in vitro than the Pf0-1 enzyme. Substituting PfAR-1 GyrA into Pf0-1 rendered the exchange mutants more susceptible to allicin than the Pf0-1 wild type. Taken together, these results suggest that GyrA was protected from oxidation in vivo in the allicin-tolerant PfAR-1 background, rather than the PfAR-1 GyrA subunit being intrinsically less susceptible to oxidation by allicin than the Pf0-1 GyrA subunit. DNA gyrase is a target for medicinally important antibiotics; thus, allicin and its analogues may have potential to be developed as gyrase inhibitors, either alone or in conjunction with other therapeutics.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.