Allicin inhibits mouse colorectal tumorigenesis through suppressing the activation of STAT3 signaling pathway.
Nat Prod Res. 2018 Apr 23:1-4. Epub 2018 Apr 23. PMID: 29683343
Allicin is the major biologically active compounds of freshly crushed garlic. It has been reported to inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of multiple colorectal cancer cells. However, the anti-colorectal cancer effect of Allicin has not been verified by in vivo studies. In the present study, we investigated the effect of Allicin on azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate (AOM/DSS) colorectal cancer mouse model and explore the underlying possible mechanism. Our result showed that Allicin could inhibit colonic tumorigenesis of AOM/DSS mice in vivo. In vitro study showed that Allicin promoted the apoptosis and suppressed the survival and proliferation of HCT116 cells. The molecular mechanism is related to the suppression of STAT3 signaling activation. Thus, our data provide further support for Allicin as a potential favorable supplement for human colorectal cancer.