α-Tocopherol at Nanomolar Concentration Protects Cortical Neurons against Oxidative Stress.
Int J Mol Sci. 2017 Jan 21 ;18(1). Epub 2017 Jan 21. PMID: 28117722
Irina O Zakharova
The aim of the present work is to study the mechanism of theα-tocopherol (α-T) protective action at nanomolar and micromolar concentrations against H₂O₂-induced brain cortical neuron death. The mechanism of α-T action on neurons at its nanomolar concentrations characteristic for brain extracellular space has not been practically studied yet. Preincubation with nanomolar and micromolar α-T for 18 h was found to increase the viability of cortical neurons exposed to H₂O₂; α-T effect was concentration-dependent in the nanomolar range. However, preincubation with nanomolar α-T for 30 min was not effective. Nanomolar and micromolar α-T decreased the reactive oxygen species accumulation induced in cortical neurons by the prooxidant. Using immunoblotting it was shown that preincubation with α-T at nanomolar and micromolar concentrations for 18 h prevented Akt inactivation and decreased PKCδ activation induced in cortical neurons by H₂O₂. α-T prevented the ERK1/2 sustained activation during 24 h caused by H₂O₂. α-T at nanomolar and micromolar concentrations prevented a great increase of the proapoptotic to antiapoptotic proteins (Bax/Bcl-2) ratio, elicited by neuron exposure to H₂O₂. The similar neuron protection mechanism by nanomolar and micromolar α-T suggests that a"more is better"approach to patients' supplementation with vitamin E orα-T is not reasonable.