Alzheimer disease is associated with a low concentration of serum vitamin E in older people. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Do low-serum vitamin E levels increase the risk of Alzheimer disease in older people? Evidence from a meta-analysis of case-control studies.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Aug 23. Epub 2017 Aug 23. PMID: 28833475
OBJECTIVE: Whether low-serum vitamin E increases the risk of Alzheimer disease (AD) in older people remains inconclusive. This meta-analysis aims to synthesize evidence-based case-control studies to evaluate the association between serum vitamin E and the risk of AD.
METHODS: Potentially relevant studies were selected through PubMed, Embase, Wanfang, Chongqing VIP, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases by using the core terms Vitamin E/alpha-tocopherol and Alzheime's disease/senile dementia/AD in the titles, abstracts, and keywords of the articles. The association between serum vitamin E levels and AD was estimated by using the weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval by adopting a random effects model. Heterogeneity was assessed by using Cochran Q test and I(2) statistic. Forest plot was used to present the results graphically from meta-analysis. Publication bias was evaluated by using funnel plots and Egger test.
RESULTS: We identified 17 studies that met the eligibility criteria. The studies included 2057 subjects with 904 AD patients and 1153 controls. The results indicated that AD patients had a lower concentration of serum vitamin E compared with healthy controls among older people (WMD = -6.811 μmol/L, 95% confidence interval -8.998 to -4.625; Z = -6.105, P < .001). Publication bias was not detected and sensitivity analysis performed by omitting each study, and calculating the pooled WMD again for the remaining studies indicated the results stable.
CONCLUSIONS: Alzheimer disease is associated with a low concentration of serum vitamin E in older people. However, necessary prospective cohort studies should be conducted to determine the risk of serum vitamin E for AD in the future.