Amelioration of PM-induced lung toxicity in rats by nutritional supplementation with biochanin A.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020 Oct 1 ;202:110878. Epub 2020 Jun 22. PMID: 32585486
Epidemiological studies have shown that particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM) is closely associated with human health issues, especially pulmonary diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and lung cancer. In this study, particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), microbeam energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A rat model of PMexposure was established by nonsurgical intratracheal instillation, and the effects of biochanin A (BCA) treatment were examined. BCA showed a protective effect; it reduced PM-induced apoptosis and the production of proinflammatory factors, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and the chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8), as measured using ELISA. These effects were accompanied by increases in the levels of antioxidant enzymes and decreases in the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase (AKP). Furthermore, isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based analytical techniques and bioinformatics tools were used to identify putative biomarkers, including XRCC1, MP2K5, IGJ, and F1LQ12, and the results were verified by Western blot analysis. In conclusion, our findings have scientific significance for the application of flavonoids in preventive and therapeutic strategies for PM-associated pulmonary diseases and for the promotion of human health.