Ameliorative effect of fisetin against lipopolysaccharide and restraint stress-induced behavioral deficits via modulation of NF-κB and IDO-1.
Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14. PMID: 30426184
BACKGROUND: Fisetin, a plant active polyphenol, is well known for its antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities. The present study was designed to explore the detailed molecular mechanism underlying its neuroprotective effects.
METHODS: The young male mice were either administered a single dose of lipopolysaccharide (0.83 mg/kg) or subjected to restraint stress (6 h per day for 28 days) to induce behavioral deficits in different groups. Fisetin (15 mg/kg) was orally administered for the last 14 days of the study.
RESULTS: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as well as restraint stress (RS) exposure caused behavioral alterations (anxiety and depressive-like behavior). Gene expression analysis showed upregulation of nuclear Factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO)-1 gene expression along with downregulation of Nrf-2 (nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2), HO-1 (heme oxygenase-1), and ChAT (choline acetyltransferase) gene expression level in RS and RS+LPS groups. Fisetin administration significantly amelioratedbehavioral and neurochemical deficits in LPS, RS, and RS+LPS groups.
CONCLUSION: These findings clearly indicated that fisetin administration improved behavioral functions and suppressed the NF-κB and IDO-1 (indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase) activation along with their antioxidant effect, suggesting fisetin as an intriguing nutraceutical for the management of inflammation-associated neurological disorders.