Abstract Title:

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures.

Abstract Source:

N Engl J Med. 2006 Feb 16;354(7):669-83. PMID: 16481635

Abstract Author(s):

Rebecca D Jackson, Andrea Z LaCroix, Margery Gass, Robert B Wallace, John Robbins, Cora E Lewis, Tamsen Bassford, Shirley A A Beresford, Henry R Black, Patricia Blanchette, Denise E Bonds, Robert L Brunner, Robert G Brzyski, Bette Caan, Jane A Cauley, Rowan T Chlebowski, Steven R Cummings, Iris Granek, Jennifer Hays, Gerardo Heiss, Susan L Hendrix, Barbara V Howard, Judith Hsia, F Allan Hubbell, Karen C Johnson, Howard Judd, Jane Morley Kotchen, Lewis H Kuller, Robert D Langer, Norman L Lasser, Marian C Limacher, Shari Ludlam, JoAnn E Manson, Karen L Margolis, Joan McGowan, Judith K Ockene, Mary Jo O'Sullivan, Lawrence Phillips, Ross L Prentice, Gloria E Sarto, Marcia L Stefanick, Linda Van Horn, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Evelyn Whitlock, Garnet L Anderson, Annlouise R Assaf, David Barad,

Article Affiliation:

Division of Endocrinology, Ohio State University, 485 McCampbell, 1581 Dodd Dr., Columbus, OH 43210, USA. [email protected]


BACKGROUND: The efficacy of calcium with vitamin D supplementation for preventing hip and other fractures in healthy postmenopausal women remains equivocal. METHODS: We recruited 36,282 postmenopausal women, 50 to 79 years of age, who were already enrolled in a Women's Health Initiative (WHI) clinical trial. We randomly assigned participants to receive 1000 mg of elemental [corrected] calcium as calcium carbonate with 400 IU of vitamin D3 daily or placebo. Fractures were ascertained for an average follow-up period of 7.0 years. Bone density was measured at three WHI centers. RESULTS: Hip bone density was 1.06 percent higher in the calcium plus vitamin D group than in the placebo group (P<0.01). Intention-to-treat analysis indicated that participants receiving calcium plus vitamin D supplementation had a hazard ratio of 0.88 for hip fracture (95 percent confidence interval, 0.72 to 1.08), 0.90 for clinical spine fracture (0.74 to 1.10), and 0.96 for total fractures (0.91 to 1.02). The risk of renal calculi increased with calcium plus vitamin D (hazard ratio, 1.17; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.02 to 1.34). Censoring data from women when they ceased to adhere to the study medication reduced the hazard ratio for hip fracture to 0.71 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.52 to 0.97). Effects did not vary significantly according to prerandomization serum vitamin D levels. CONCLUSIONS: Among healthy postmenopausal women, calcium with vitamin D supplementation resulted in a small but significant improvement in hip bone density, did not significantly reduce hip fracture, and increased the risk of kidney stones. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00000611.).

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.