Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Amurensin G, a potent natural SIRT1 inhibitor, rescues doxorubicin responsiveness via down-regulation of multidrug resistance 1.

Abstract Source:

Mol Pharmacol. 2010 Nov ;78(5):855-64. Epub 2010 Aug 16. PMID: 20713551

Abstract Author(s):

Won Keun Oh, Kyoung Bin Cho, Tran Thi Hien, Tae Hyung Kim, Hyung Sik Kim, Trong Tuan Dao, Hyo-Kyung Han, Seong-Min Kwon, Sang-Gun Ahn, Jung-Hoon Yoon, Tae Hyun Kim, Yoon Gyoon Kim, Keon Wook Kang

Article Affiliation:

Won Keun Oh


The transition from a chemotherapy-responsive cancer to a chemotherapy-resistant one is accompanied by increased expression of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1, p-glycoprotein), which plays an important role in the efflux from the target cell of many anticancer agents. We recently showed that a Forkhead box-containing protein of the O subfamily 1 (FoxO1) is a key regulator of MDR1 gene transcription. Because nuclear localization of FoxO1 is regulated by silent information regulator two ortholog 1 (SIRT1) deacetylase, we wondered whether SIRT1 dominates MDR1 gene expression in breast cancer cells. Overexpression of SIRT1 enhanced both FoxO reporter activity and nuclear levels of FoxO1. Protein expression of MDR1 and gene transcriptional activity were also up-regulated by SIRT1 overexpression. In addition, SIRT1 inhibition reduced both nuclear FoxO1 levels and MDR1 expression in doxorubicin-resistant breast cancer cells (MCF-7/ADR) cells. A potent SIRT1 inhibitor, amurensin G (from Vitis amurensis), was identified by screening plant extracts and bioassay-guided fractionation. The compound suppressed FoxO1 activity and MDR1 expression in MCF-7/ADR cells. Moreover, pretreatment of MCF-7/ADR cells with 1μg/ml amurensin G for 24 h increased cellular uptake of doxorubicin and restored the responsiveness of MCF-7/ADR cells to doxorubicin. In xenograft studies, injection of 10 mg/kg i.p. amurensin G substantially restored the ability of doxorubicin to inhibit MCF-7/ADR-induced tumor growth. These results suggest that SIRT1 is a potential therapeutic target of MDR1-mediated chemoresistance and that it may be possible to develop amurensin G as a useful agent for chemoresistance reversal.

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.