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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Andrographolide Inhibits Lytic Reactivation of Epstein-Barr Virus by Modulating Transcription Factors in Gastric Cancer.

Abstract Source:

Microorganisms. 2021 Dec 10 ;9(12). Epub 2021 Dec 10. PMID: 34946164

Abstract Author(s):

Praphatson Malat, Tipaya Ekalaksananan, Chukkris Heawchaiyaphum, Supawadee Suebsasana, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Yodying Yingchutrakul, Chamsai Pientong

Article Affiliation:

Praphatson Malat

Abstract:

Andrographolide is the principal bioactive chemical constituent ofand exhibits activity against several viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). However, the particular mechanism by which andrographolide exerts an anti-EBV effect in EBV-associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC) cells remains unclear. We investigated the molecular mechanism by which andrographolide inhibits lytic reactivation of EBV in EBVaGC cells (AGS-EBV cell line) using proteomics and bioinformatics approaches. An andrographolide treatment altered EBV protein-expression patterns in AGS-EBV cells by suppressing the expression of EBV lytic protein. Interestingly cellular transcription factors (TFs), activators for EBV lytic reactivation, such as MEF2D and SP1, were significantly abolished in AGS-EBV cells treated with andrographolide and sodium butyrate (NaB) compared with NaB-treated cells. In contrast, the suppressors of EBV lytic reactivation, such as EZH2 and HDAC6, were significantly up-regulated in cells treated with both andrographolide and NaB compared with NaB treatment alone. In addition, bioinformatics predicted that HDAC6 could interact directly with MEF2D and SP1. Furthermore, andrographolide significantly induced cell cytotoxicity and apoptosis of AGS-EBV cells by induction of apoptosis-related protein expression. Our results suggest that andrographolide inhibits EBV lytic reactivation by inhibition of host TFs, partially through the interaction of HDAC6 with TFs, and induces apoptosis of EBVaGC cells.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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