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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Anthocyanidins Inhibit Growth and Chemosensitize Triple-Negative Breast Cancer via the NF-κB Signaling Pathway.

Abstract Source:

Cancers (Basel). 2021 Dec 13 ;13(24). Epub 2021 Dec 13. PMID: 34944868

Abstract Author(s):

Farrukh Aqil, Radha Munagala, Ashish K Agrawal, Jeyaprakash Jeyabalan, Neha Tyagi, Shesh N Rai, Ramesh C Gupta

Article Affiliation:

Farrukh Aqil

Abstract:

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive subtype of breast cancer. Due to the lack of drug-targetable receptors, chemotherapy is the only systemic treatment option. Although chemotherapeutic drugs respond initially in TNBC, many patients relapse and have a poor prognosis. Poor survival after metastatic relapse is largely attributed to the development of resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. In this study, we show that bilberry-derived anthocyanidins (Anthos) can inhibit the growth and metastasis of TNBC and chemosensitize paclitaxel (PAC)-resistant TNBC cells by modulating the NF-κB signaling pathway, as well as metastatic and angiogenic mediators. Anthos administered orally significantly decreased MDA-MB-231 orthoxenograft tumor volume and led to lower rates of lymph node and lung metastasis, compared to control. Treatment of PAC-resistant MDA-MB-231Tx cells with Anthos and PAC in combination lowered the ICof PAC by nearly 20-fold. The combination treatment also significantly (<0.01) decreased the tumor volume in MDA-MB-231Tx orthoxenografts, compared to control. In contrast, Anthos and PAC alone were ineffective against MDA-MB-231Tx tumors. Our approach of using Anthos to inhibit the growth and metastasis of breast cancers, as well as to chemosensitize PAC-resistant TNBC, provides a highly promising and effective strategy for the management of TNBC.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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