Anti-angiogenic effect of EGHB010, a standardized herbal formula of Paeoniae radix and Glycyrrhizae radix.
Pak J Pharm Sci. 2020 Jan ;33(1):129-134. PMID: 32122840
EGHB010 is a standardized herbal formula of the rhizome mixture of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas and Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. Neovascularization in the retina is a common pathophysiology of diabetic retinal microvasculopathy and exudative macular degeneration. In this study, we evaluated the inhibitory effects of EGHB010 on abnormal retinal angiogenesis in a hyperoxia-induced neovascular retinopathy model. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated vascular tube formation was assayed in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). Experimental angiogenesis in the retinas was induced by exposing C57BL/6 pups to hyperoxic environment (75% oxygen) on postnatal day 7 (P7) and then returning them to normal oxygen pressure on P12. EGHB010 (50 and 100 mg/kg/day) was administered intraperitoneally for 5 days (P12 - P16). Retinal flat mounts were prepared to measure the extent of retinal neovascularization on P17. The incubation of HUVECs with EGHB010 (1-25μg/mL) resulted in the inhibition of VEGF-mediated tube formation in a dose-dependent manner. EGHB010 at doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg/day inhibited the formation of retinal neovascular tufts by 31.15±2.28% and 59.83±2.92%, respectively. Together, our results indicate that EGHB010 is a potent anti-angiogenic agent and may have potential for the control of abnormal retinal vessel growth in patients with ischemic retinopathy.