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Abstract Title:

Anti-diabetic Potential of a Stigmasterol From the Seaweedand Its Application in the Formulation of Nanoemulsion Conjugate for the Development of Functional Biscuits.

Abstract Source:

Front Nutr. 2021 ;8:694362. Epub 2021 Sep 16. PMID: 34604273

Abstract Author(s):

Navya Poulose, Arya Sajayan, Amrudha Ravindran, Ambili Chandran, G Balasubramanian Priyadharshini, Joseph Selvin, G Seghal Kiran

Article Affiliation:

Navya Poulose

Abstract:

The seaweedwas selected for the extraction of phytosterol by the Soxhlet method. The extracted phytosterol was chemically characterized as stigmasterol using Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. The antioxidant andα-amylase inhibitory activity of stigmasterol has been confirmed byassays. Thestudies demonstrated an anti-diabetic effect in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats. Biochemical analysis showed administration of stigmasterol reduced the blood sugar, urea, and creatinine level. The stigmasterol was then nano-emulsified and incorporated into dough for biscuit formulation. The stigmasterol incorporated biscuit showed higher proximate values, low moisture content, lighter color and the textural property revealed lower hardness. Sensorial results showed acceptability when compared to the control. This study demonstrated the stigmasterol reduced hyperglycemic effects and therefore could be used as a supplement in diets for diabetic patients.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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