Anti-Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) activity and antioxidant capacity of carrageenan-rich enzymatic extracts from Solieria filiformis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta).
Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Jan 31 ;168:322-330. Epub 2020 Dec 11. PMID: 33310095
Solieria filiformis has been reported to have molecules with various biological activities. In this study we used environmentally friendly extraction methods, such as enzyme-assisted extraction (EAE), as a first step to obtain bioactive compounds from this species. Five combinations of protease (PRO) and carbohydrase (AMG) were utilized (1:0, 0:1, 2:1, 1:1, 1:2 PRO:AMG) to obtain Water Soluble Enzymatic Hydrolysates (WSEHs). Extraction yields, biochemical and structural characterization, as well as in vitro activity against Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and antioxidant capacities were determined. All PRO:AMG combinations significantly improved yields. EAE yielded heterogeneous extracts rich in iota-carrageenan and phenols, as confirmed by FTIR spectra. The highest antiherpetic activity (EC4.5 ± 0.4 μg mL) was found in the WSEHs obtained under 2:1 PRO:AMG. At this combination high antioxidant capacity was also obtained for ABTS (2,2'-Azino-Bis-3-ethylbenzoThiazoline-6-Sulfonic acid) radical scavenging activity and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP). These could probably play a synergistic role associated to the strong antiviral activity obtained. These results suggest that 2:1 PRO:AMG could be effective in promoting the hydrolytic breakdown of high MW polysaccharides, contributing to the improvement of WSEHs bioactivity. Although Solieria filiformis WSEHs showed promising results, further research, including separation and purification techniques are needed.