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Abstract Title:

The anti-infective activity ofagainstby attenuating accessory gene regulator system-mediated virulence.

Abstract Source:

Food Funct. 2022 May 10 ;13(9):5050-5060. Epub 2022 May 10. PMID: 35403637

Abstract Author(s):

Jia-Ming Jiang, Gan Chen, Yu-Yu Chen, Shi-Jie Wan, Si-Min Chen, Han-Gui Ren, Zhi-Xiu Lin, Hui Feng, Hong Zhang, Hong-Xi Xu

Article Affiliation:

Jia-Ming Jiang

Abstract:

Due to the rapid evolution of antibiotic resistance in, antivirulence therapy may be a promising alternative for the effective control of the spread of resistant pathogens. The Chinese Materia Medica has been widely used for the treatment of diseases and production of health foods, and it remains a valuable resource for the discovery of compounds possessing antivirulence activity. Through ainfection model, an EtOAc-soluble fraction of 80% EtOH extract ofBunge (SMEA) was found to possess potential anti-infective activity against. Then, severalassays indicated that SMEA had robust antivirulence activity at the dose of 400μg mL, reducing hemolytic activity andα-hemolysin expression in. Furthermore, at 100 mg kg, SMEA reduced abscess formation in the main organs of mice challenged with. In order to identify the bioactive components of SMEA and investigate the mechanisms underlying the antivirulence activity, SMEA was separated using bioassay-guided fractionation. As a result, eight compounds were identified in SMEA. Among them, tanshinone IIB (TNB) showed strong antivirulence activity bothand. Furthermore, at 24μg mL, TNB significantly reduced the expression ofand, indicating that the mechanism underlying TNB activity was related to the accessory gene regulator quorum sensing system. In conclusion, TNB's antivirulence properties make it a promising candidate for drug development againstinfections.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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