Abstract Title:

The anti-inflammatory effects of formononetin and ononin on lipopolysaccharide-induced zebrafish models based on lipidomics and targeted transcriptomics.

Abstract Source:

Metabolomics. 2019 11 25 ;15(12):153. Epub 2019 Nov 25. PMID: 31768751

Abstract Author(s):

Liyu Luo, Junyi Zhou, Haiyu Zhao, Miaoxuan Fan, Wenyuan Gao

Article Affiliation:

Liyu Luo


INTRODUCTION: Formononetin (MBHS) and its glycosylated derivative ononin (MBHG), as the major isoflavones, have exhibited the anti-inflammatory impacts on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation. Although various researches have focused on interpreting the pharmaceutical activities of MBHG and MBHS, the molecular mechanisms in zebrafish models are still unclear.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present work is to investigate the molecular mechanisms of the anti-inflammatory effects of MGHG and MBHS based on lipidomics and targeted transcriptomics.

METHODS: UHPLC-MS was applied for the lipid analyses and RT-PCR was adopted for the mRNA analyses, and the results of different groups were compared for exploring the significantly changed lipids and mRNAs.

RESULTS: The results of lipidomics revealed that phosphatidylcholines (PCs) were drastically down-regulated in the MBHG or MBHS treated LPS-induced inflammatory zebrafish models. Besides, MBHS can also decrease the levels of triacylglycerols (TAGs). For the targeted transcriptomics analyses, 4 cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IFN-γ) and 3 mRNA (JNK1, ERK1 and p38a) involved in the MAPK pathway were down-regulated and IL-10 was up-regulated under the treatment of MBHG or MBHS.

CONCLUSION: Combining the results of lipidomics and targeted transcriptomics, we indicated that MBHG and MBHS exerted potent anti-inflammatory effects on the LPS-induced zebrafish models through the MyD88 or TRIF MAPK/ERK and MAPK/JNK pathways and the glycerophospholipid, glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis and glycerolipid metabolisms. Our results provided new insights into the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of MBHG or MBHS and supplied an effective method to interpret the pharmacological mechanisms of drugs.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.