Antiangiogenic and antitumor potential of berbamine, a natural CaMKIIγ inhibitor, against glioblastoma.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2021 Jun 10 ;566:129-134. Epub 2021 Jun 10. PMID: 34119825
Yu Jin Kim
Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most malignant brain tumors and requires the formation of new blood vessels, called angiogenesis, for its growth and metastasis. Several proangiogenic factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), stimulate GBM angiogenesis. Accordingly, blocking the angiogenesis induced by angiogenic factors represents a promising modality for the treatment of GBM. In this study, we evaluated the inhibitory effects of berbamine, a plant-derived compound, on the angiogenesis induced by VEGF and BDNF in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Berbamine effectively inhibited the angiogenic features stimulated by VEGF (such as proliferation, adhesion, invasion, tube formation, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in HUVECs) as well as those by BDNF, at concentrations that do not affect endothelial cell viability. The antiangiogenic effects of berbamine were associated with the downregulation of VEGF/VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2)/Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIγ (CaMKIIγ) and BDNF/tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB)/CaMKIIγ signaling pathways. In addition, berbamine suppressed the expression of a key regulator of tumor angiogenesis, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), and its transcriptional target, VEGF, in U87MG GBM cells. Furthermore, berbaminesignificantly inhibited in vivo neovascularization as well as U87MG tumor growth in a chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model. All these findings suggest that berbamine may be utilized as a new antiangiogenic agent for the treatment of malignant brain tumors.