Antidepressant effects of magnolol in a mouse model of depression. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antidepressant effects of magnolol in a mouse model of depression induced by chronic corticosterone injection.
Steroids. 2018 Jul ;135:73-78. Epub 2018 Mar 17. PMID: 29555480
Evidence showed that the stress hormone corticosterone (CORT) injection resulted in dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis implicated in major depressive disorder. Magnolol, main constituent identified in the barks of Magnolia officinalis, exerted antidepressant effects in a rat model of depression induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress in previous studies. However, its antidepressant-like effects and mechanisms have never been studied in depression model induced by CORT administration in rodents. This study aimed to investigate the antidepressant-like effects and possible mechanisms of magnolol in CORT-treated mice by utilizing a combination of behavioral and biochemical analysis. The depressive model was developed by subcutaneous injection of CORT for 21 days at a dose of 20 mg/kg. CORT administration formed depressive-like behaviors in mice, as indicated by increased immobility time in the forced swim test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST), as well as decreased sucrose intake in sucrose preference test (SPT). Moreover, we also found that CORT levels in serum were significantly increased, along with the decrease of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA, BDNF protein, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) levels in the hippocampus. Treatment with magnolol alleviated depressive-like behaviors, reduced the levels of CORT, and improved the levels of BDNF protein, 5-HT, and NE compared with those in CORT-treated mice. These findings indicated that magnolol possessed antidepressant effects in mice exposed to CORT, which might be partially related to modulate HPA axis, up-regulate BDNF expression and increase neurotransmitters levels in the hippocampus.