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Abstract Title:

Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Activities of Phenolic Extracts of(Thunb.) Lindl. Fruits and Leaves.

Abstract Source:

Plants (Basel). 2023 Sep 10 ;12(18). Epub 2023 Sep 10. PMID: 37765385

Abstract Author(s):

Agata Maria Pawłowska, Natalia Żurek, Ireneusz Kapusta, Marinella De Leo, Alessandra Braca

Article Affiliation:

Agata Maria Pawłowska

Abstract:

Increasing interest in new sources of secondary metabolites as biologically active substances has resulted in an advanced study of many plant species. Loquat ((Thunb.) Lindl. =(Lour.) Galasso&Banfi, Rosaceae family), an evergreen, subtropical fruit tree, native to China and Japan, but cultivated in southern countries of Europe, is a species commonly used in folk medicine and may be an excellent source of bioactive compounds. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the profile of the phenolic constituents offruits and leaves originating from Tuscany (Italy), as well as their in vitro antioxidant and chemopreventive activities on human cancer cell lines breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2 and HT-29), and glioblastoma (U87MG). Results revealed that the extract of leaves displayed higher antioxidant and anticancer potential than the fruit extract and contained 25 individual phenolic compounds that have been characterized and quantified by the UPLC-PDA-MS method. The antiproliferative activity was correlated with the content of polyphenolic compounds indicating that both fruits and leaves are a good source of antioxidants and may be exploited as nutraceuticals enriching food or as components for the cosmetic/pharmaceutical industry.

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