Antiviral activity of Portulaca oleracea L. against influenza A viruses. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antiviral activity of Portulaca oleracea L. against influenza A viruses.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2019 Sep 15 ;241:112013. Epub 2019 Jun 4. PMID: 31170517
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Portulaca oleracea L. is used not only as an edible potherb but also as a traditional remedy to assuage the symptoms of various diseases. The water extract of P. oleracea (WEPO) has been found to effectively alleviate the signs and symptoms of pandemic influenza A virus (IAV) infection. However, the anti-IAV activity of WEPO is still unclear.
AIM OF STUDY: In this study, we aimed to elucidate the anti-IAV activity of WEPO and investigate the potential mechanisms underlying the anti-H1N1 activity.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cytotoxicity of WEPO and other Chinese herbs was measured using the cell viability test. The anti-IAV activity of WEPO was determined using the plaque reduction assay, real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and immunofluorescence assay. The virucidal activity of WEPO was determined by labeling the virus and using the time-dependent virucidal activity assay.
RESULTS: The half-maximal effective concentration of WEPO for A/WSN/1933 (H1N1) was very low, with a high selectivity index. The production of circulating H1N1 and H3N2 was suppressed by WEPO. Additionally, the antiviral activity of WEPO was observed in the early stage of IAV infection. Furthermore, WEPO inhibited the binding of virus to cells and exhibited good virucidal activity, significantly decreasing the viral load within 10 min to prevent viral infection.
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate the anti-IAV activity of WEPO and strongly recommend the use of WEPO, as an herbal regimen, to prevent and treat H1N1 infection at an early stage.