Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Apoptotic and antihepatofibrotic effect of honokiol via activation of GSK3β and suppression of Wnt/β-catenin pathway in hepatic stellate cells.

Abstract Source:

Phytother Res. 2020 Aug 10. Epub 2020 Aug 10. PMID: 32776713

Abstract Author(s):

Il Ho Lee, Eunji Im, Hyo-Jung Lee, Deok Yong Sim, Jae Hee Lee, Ji Hoon Jung, Ji Eon Park, Bum Sang Shim, Sung-Hoon Kim

Article Affiliation:

Il Ho Lee


Though honokiol, derived from the Magnolia tree, was known to suppress renal fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, non-alcoholic steatoheptitis, inflammation and cancers, the underlying antifibrotic mechanisms of honokiol are not fully understood in hepatic stellate cells until now. Thus, in the present study, inhibitory mechanism of honokiol on liver fibrosis was elucidated mainly in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, cell cycle analysis and western-blotting. Honokiol exerted cytotoxicity in LX-2, HSC-T6 and Hep-G2 cells. Honokiol increased sub G1 population and activated caspase 3 and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in HSCs. Moreover, honokiol attenuated the expression of alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), phospho-Smad3, phospho-AKT, cyclin D1, c-Myc, Wnt3a, β-catenin, and activated phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3β) in HSCs. Conversely, GSK3β inhibitor SB216763 reversed the effect of honokiol on PARP, α-SMA, phospho-GSK3β, β-catenin and sub G1 population in LX-2 cells. Overall, honokiol exerts apoptotic and antifibrotic effects via activation of GSK3β and inhibition of Wnt3a/β-catenin signalling pathway.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.