Arctigenin triggers apoptosis and autophagy via PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibition in PC-3M cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Arctigenin triggers apoptosis and autophagy via PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibition in PC-3M cells.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25. PMID: 33627540
Arctigenin(ARG) , a natural lignans compound isolated from Arctium lappa L. In this study, the anti-tumor effect of ARG on prostate cancer cell PC-3M and the mechanism of apoptosis and autophagy induced by PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway were discussed, and further confirmed by the joint treatment of ARG and PI3K inhibitor LY294002. Here, the effect of ARG on cell viability was evaluated in PC-3M cells by CCK-8 assay. After the treatment of ARG, colony formation assay was used to detect the anti-proliferation effect. Annexin V-FITC/PI kit and DAPI staining were used to detect the apoptosis level, and cell cycle changes were analyzed by flow cytometry. The expression of autophagy was detected by acridine orange staining. In addition, the expression levels of apoptosis and autophagy-related proteins were analyzed by western blot. The result showed that different concentrations of ARG inhibited the proliferation of PC-3M cells. DAPI staining and flow cytometry showed that ARG induced PC-3M cell apoptosis and arrested cell in G0/G1 phase. Acridine orange staining showed that ARG induced autophagy in PC-3M cells. Western blot experiments showed that ARG inhibited the expression of Bcl-2 , promoted the expression of Bax and cleaved caspase-3. At the same time, the expression of autophagy-related proteins LC3B-II and Beclin-1 increased after ARG treatment, but P62 decreased. In addition, further studies have shown that treatment with LY294002 enhanced the effects of ARG on the expression of proteins associated with apoptosis and autophagy , indicating that ARG may induce apoptosis and autophagy through PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.