Abstract Title:

Chemical study, antimalarial and antioxidant activities, and cytotoxicity to human breast cancer cells (MCF7) of Argania spinosa.

Abstract Source:

Phytomedicine. 2010 Feb ;17(2):157-60. Epub 2009 Jul 2. PMID: 19576744

Abstract Author(s):

Fatiha El Babili, Jalloul Bouajila, Isabelle Fouraste, Alexis Valentin, Severine Mauret, Claude Moulis

Article Affiliation:

Faculté des Sciences Pharmaceutiques. UMR IRD/UPS 152. 35 ch. des Maraîchers, F-31062 Toulouse, France. [email protected]


INTRODUCTION: In our work, we evaluate the potential antioxidant, antimalarial activity and also activity against human breast cancer cells (MCF7) of Argan fruit extracts using in vitro models to validate the traditional use of this plant. Its chemical composition was also studied to begin the understanding of its activities, waiting to find the structure-activity relationship.

RESULTS: Polyphenols (89.4-218.5 eqGallic acid (mg/g dry)), tannins (39.3-214.0 eqCatechin (mg/g dry)), flavonoids (3.4-11.1 eqQuercetin (mg/g dry)) and anthocyanins (0.74-10.92 eqCyanindin (mug/g dry)) were quantified. A good (ethyl acetate and decoction) and moderate (petroleum ether) antioxidant activity were obtained for DPPH (IC(50) 32.3-600.8 microg/ml) and ABTS (IC(50) 11.9-988.8 microg/ml) assays. In addition, we found a good antimalarial activity (IC(50) 35 to>100 microg/ml) and human breast cancer cells activity (IC(50) 42 to>100 microg/ml).

CONCLUSIONS: The ethyl acetate extract and the decoction show interesting antimalarial and antioxidant activities. The results indicate a good correlations between anthocyanins quantitiy and the potential antioxidant (R(2)=0.9867) and also to antimalarial activity (R(2)=0.8175).

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