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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Asiatic acid alleviates Ang-II induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis via miR-126/PIK3R2 signaling.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Metab (Lond). 2021 Jul 13 ;18(1):71. Epub 2021 Jul 13. PMID: 34256802

Abstract Author(s):

Haiyu Li, Xiaoxu Tian, Yongjuan Ruan, Junhui Xing, Zhe Meng

Article Affiliation:

Haiyu Li

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Cardiac hypertrophy is an independent risk factor of many cardiovascular diseases. Studies have demonstrated that microRNA-126 (miR-126) was involved in angiogenesis during physiological and pathological process. However, its role in cardiac hypertrophy has not been known clearly. Our previous study demonstrated that asiatic acid (AA) has obvious protective effect on cardiac hypertrophy. Here, this study aimed to discover the regulatory role of miR-126 and its mechanism in cardiac hypertrophy, and to determine whether AA's anti-hypertrophy effect is partially miR-126 dependent.

METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley rats were AngII infused via osmotic minipumps for 4 weeks and were treated with AA (20 mg/kg/day) by oral gavage. Cardiac hypertrophy was assessed using the echocardiography and histological analysis. In vitro studies,cardiomyocyte and cardiac fibroblasts (CF) were treted with AngII and AngII plus AA. And, the effect of AA on miR-126 and PI3K/AKTsignaling pathway was investigated.

RESULTS: Treatment of rats with AA decreased the ratio of heart weight to tibia length and hypertrophy markers. In vitro exprements demonstrated that AA significantly attenuated AngII-induced cardiac growth and cardiac fibroblast collagen expression. Moreover, our results found downregulation of miR-126 and activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in AngII infusion induced cardiac hypertrophy model. It was also determined that miR-126 targets PIK3R2 directly.

CONCLUSIONS: AA supplementation upregulated the expression of miR-126 and conferred cardio-protection effect against AngII induced cardiac hypertrophy.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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