Association between short-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter and myocardial injury in the CATHGEN cohort.
Environ Pollut. 2021 Feb 5 ;275:116663. Epub 2021 Feb 5. PMID: 33581627
Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) has been associated with a higher risk for coronary events. Elevated circulating cardiac troponins (cTn) are suggestive of myocardial injury in both ischemic and non-ischemic conditions. However, little is known about the association between PMand cTn. In this study, we investigated short-term PMeffects on cardiac troponin T (cTnT), as well as N-terminal-pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) and inflammatory biomarkers among cardiac catheterized participants. We analyzed 7444 plasma cTnT measurements in 2732 participants who presented to Duke University Hospital with myocardial infarction symptoms between 2001 and 2012, partly along with measurements of NT-pro BNP and inflammatory biomarkers. Daily PMconcentrations were predicted by a neural network-based hybrid model and were assigned to participants' residential addresses. We applied generalized estimating equations to assess associations of PMwith biomarker levels and the risk of a positive cTnT test (cTnT > 0.1 ng/mL). The median plasma cTnT concentration at presentation was 0.05 ng/mL and the prevalence of a positive cTnT test was 35.4%. For an interquartile range (7.6 μg/m) increase in PMon the previous day, cTnT concentrations increased by 7.7% (95% CI: 3.4-12.3) and the odds ratio of a positive cTnT test was 1.08 (1.01-1.16). Participants under 60 years (effect estimate: 15.2%; 95% CI: 7.4-23.5) or living in rural areas (12.3%; 95% CI: 4.8-20.3) were more susceptible. There was evidence for increases in fibrinogen and NT-pro BNP associated with elevated PMon the concurrent and previous two days. Our study suggests that acute PMexposure may elevate indicators of myocardial tissue damage. This finding substantiates the association of air pollution exposure with adverse cardiovascular events.