Abstract Title:

Association of Sugar-sweetened Beverage Consumption with Prediabetes and Glucose Metabolism Markers in Hispanic/Latino Adults in the United States: Results from HCHS/SOL.

Abstract Source:

J Nutr. 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24. PMID: 34558625

Abstract Author(s):

Jee-Young Moon, Simin Hua, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Josiemer Mattei, Sarah S Casagrande, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Anna María Siega-Riz, Linda C Gallo, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Robert Kaplan, Leonor Corsino

Article Affiliation:

Jee-Young Moon


BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is high in the Hispanic/Latino population in the United States. The associations between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages, and 100% fruit juice with prediabetes and glucose metabolism markers in the diverse Hispanic/Latino population in the US are unknown.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-sectional associations between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages, and 100% fruit juice with prediabetes and glucose metabolism markers such as fasting glucose and insulin, 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) glucose, HOMA index for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), HOMA index forβ-cell function (HOMA-B), and hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) among US Hispanic/Latino adults.

METHODS: Using baseline data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL; 2008-2011), beverage consumption was ascertained using two 24-hour dietary recalls and the Food Propensity Questionnaire. Diabetes/prediabetes status was defined by self-report, antihyperglycemic medication use, and American Diabetes Association laboratory criteria. Among 9965 individuals without diabetes (5194 normoglycemia, 4771 prediabetes) aged 18-74 years, the associations of beverage consumption with prediabetes and glucose metabolism markers were analyzed using logistic and linear regressions, respectively, accounting for complex survey design.

RESULTS: Compared with individuals who consumed < 1 serving/day (<240 mL/day) of sugar-sweetened beverages, individuals who consumed > 2 servings/day (>480 mL/day) had 1.3 times greater odds of having prediabetes (95% confidence interval = 1.06-1.61) and higher glucose metabolism markers including fasting glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, and HbA1c. Consumption of artificially sweetened beverages showed an inverse association with β-cell function(HOMA-B). 100% fruit juice intake was not significantly associated with prediabetes nor with glucose metabolism markers.

CONCLUSIONS: Among US Hispanic/Latino adults, higher sugar-sweetened beverage consumption was associated with an increased odds of prediabetes and higher glucose metabolism markers. Public health initiatives to decrease sugar-sweetened beverage consumption could potentially reduce the burden of diabetes among Hispanics/Latinos in the US.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.