Astaxanthin and vitamin C protect rats against stress-induced gastric ulceration. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effects of astaxanthin and vitamin C on the prevention of gastric ulcerations in stressed rats.
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2005 Jun;51(3):135-41. PMID: 16161762
Astaxanthin (Asx), one of the carotenoids, is a red pigment in fish and Crustaceans, and possesses stronger reduction properties than conventional carotenoids, like beta-carotene. However, little is known about the biochemical properties and physiological functions of astaxanthin. The effects of astaxanthin and vitamin C on stressed rats were studied physiologically and biochemically. beta-Carotene and three kinds of astaxanthins, which were extracted from Haematococcus and Phaffia, and synthesized chemically, were used in these experiments. These rats given astaxanthins or beta-carotene had stress induced on the 12th day by immersing the rats in chest-level water at 20 degrees C for 24 h after fasting for 24 h. Rats given astaxanthins or beta-carotene prior to stressing were appreciably protected against the evolution of gastric ulcerations in relation to control rats. Ulcer indexes in particular were smaller with the rat group fed astaxanthin extracted from Haematococcus than the other groups. Next, the effects of Asx and/or vitamin C on the protection of evolution of gastric ulcer in stressed rats were persued by the same methods as described above. The results showed that rats given Asx or vitamin C were appreciably protected against the evolution of gastric ulcerations in relation to control rats. The effects were more intense, especially in rats simultaneously supplied Asx and vitamin C than in rats taking either Asx or vitamin C. It was suggested that the simultaneous supplementation of food substances with astaxanthin and vitamin C would supply enough antioxidants to offset stress-related injuries.