Astragalin reduces lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in rats via induction of heme oxygenase-1.
Arch Pharm Res. 2019 Aug ;42(8):704-711. Epub 2019 Jun 27. PMID: 31250343
Astragalin, a bioactive component of medicinal plants such as Rosa agrestis, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant features. Induction of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is an effective strategy to reduce excessive generated oxidants during the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). The aim of the present study is to investigate that whether the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant features of astragalin is HO-1 dependent in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. Sprague-Dawley rats were used in animal study. Intratracheal LPS was performed to induce experimental ALI model. Astragalin was administrated 1 h after LPS challenge. Human lung epithelial cells were used in cell study. Samples from rats were harvested at 24 h post LPS challenge. Astragalin treatment inhibited LPS-induced inflammatory cells infiltration in the lung and pulmonary edema. Astragalin treatment markedly enhanced the activityof HO-1 compared with vehicle-treated group at 24 h post LPS challenge. Levels of lipid hydroperoxide, a marker for oxidative stress, were decreased in astragalin-treated animals compared with vehicle-treated group. However, the protective effect of astragalin on LPS-induced ALI was abolished in aninhibitor of HO-1-treated animals. Moreover, the astragalin-induced the upregulation of HO-1 in human lung epithelial cells was inhibited when nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) was silenced by small interfering RNA. Astragalin reduces LPS-induced ALI via activation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.