Astragaloside IV alleviates cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Astragaloside IV Alleviates Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury by Activating the Janus Kinase 2 and Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 Signaling Pathway.
Pharmacology. 2019 Dec 11:1-9. Epub 2019 Dec 11. PMID: 31825924
Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) is an active component extracted from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine. AS-IV is a neuroprotective component in cerebral ischemic models. However, roles of AS-IV in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and the underlying mechanisms are rarely investigated. The role of AS-IV in oxygen - glucose deprivation reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced cell proliferation and apoptosis assays were analyzed by Cell Counting Kit-8 and Flow cytometric. Western Blot assays were performed to measure the related expression levels in SH-SY5Y cells. Meanwhile, activities of reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in OGD/R-induced cells were determined by relative commercial kits. AS-IV was also used in cerebral I/R rat model, aimed to investigate the effects on cerebral infarct. The results indicated that OGD/R suppressed viability, enhanced apoptosis, which could be reversed by AS-IV treatment. Compared with the control group, the expression of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 was significantly increased by AS-IV (60μg/mL) under the OGD/R condition. Furthermore, AS-IV (60 μg/mL) treatment markedly increased SOD activity, whereas significantly decreased MDA activity and production of ROS in OGD/R-induced cells. The protective effects of AS-IV mentioned above were weaken or abolished while adding JAK2 inhibitorAG490. In addition, the effects of AS-IV on Janus kinase 2 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling in cerebral I/R injury were also verified in vivo. AS-IV protected against cerebral I/R injury and reversed by AG490. Therefore, in vitro and in vivo analyses suggested that AS-IV may protect against cerebral I/R injury partly mediated by JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and antioxidative effects. AS-IV may serve as a novel therapeutic regimen for cerebral I/R injury.