Astragaloside IV attenuates chronic intermittent hypoxia-induced myocardial injury by modulating Cahomeostasis.
Cell Biochem Funct. 2020 Apr 19. Epub 2020 Apr 19. PMID: 32306464
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an important consequence of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) exerts multiple protective effects in diverse diseases. However, whether AS-IV can attenuate CIH-induced myocardial injury is unclear. In this study, rats exposed to CIH were established and treated with AS-IV for 4 weeks. In vitro, H9C2 cardiomyocytes subjected to CIH exposure were treated with AS-IV for 48 hours. Then the cardiac function, morphology, fibrosis, apoptosis and Cahomeostasis were determined to assess cardiac damage. Results showed that AS-IV attenuated cardiac dysfunction and histological lesions in CIH rats. The increased TUNEL-positive cells and activated apoptotic proteins in CIH rats were reduced by AS-IV. We also noticed that AS-IV reversed the accumulation of Caand altered expressions of Cahandling proteins (decreases of SERCA2a and RYR2, and increases of p-CaMKII and NCX1) under CIH exposure. Furthermore, CIH-induced reduction of SERCA2a activity was increased by AS-IV in rats. Similar results were also observed in H9C2 cells. Altogether, these findings indicate that AS-IV modulates Cahomeostasis to inhibit apoptosis, protecting against CIH-induced myocardial injury eventually, suggesting it may be a potential agent for cardiac damage of OSAS patients. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is a great contributor of OSAS, which is closely associated with cardiovascular diseases. It is necessary for developing a promising drug to attenuate CIH-induced myocardial injury. This work suggests that AS-IV can attenuate myocardial apoptosis and calcium disruption, thus protecting against CIH-induced myocardial injury. It may represent a novel therapeutic for cardiac damage of OSAS.