Abstract Title:

Protective effect of baicalein against endotoxic shock in rats in vivo and in vitro.

Abstract Source:

Biochem Pharmacol. 2007 Mar 15;73(6):793-804. Epub 2006 Dec 2. PMID: 17182007

Abstract Author(s):

Pao-Yun Cheng, Yen-Mei Lee, Yuan-Sheng Wu, Tz-Wei Chang, Jong-Shiaw Jin, Mao-Hsiung Yen


Dried roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Huang qin) are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. Baicalein is a major bioactive flavonoid component of H. qin that shows a wide range of biological activities, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. We evaluated therapeutic effects and possible mechanisms of action of baicalein on circulatory failure and vascular dysfunction during sepsis induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 10 mg/kg, i.v.) in anesthetized rats. Treatment of the rats with baicalein (20 mg/kg, i.v.) significantly attenuated the deleterious hemodynamic changes of hypotension and tachycardia caused by LPS and significantly inhibited the elevation of plasma tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). Baicalein also decreased levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the overproduction of NO and superoxide anions caused by LPS. It also increased the survival rate of ICR mice (25-30 g) challenged by LPS (60 mg/kg). Moreover, infiltration of neutrophils into the liver and lungs of rats 6h after treatment with LPS was also reduced by baicalein. To investigate the mechanism of action of baicalein on sepsis, RAW 264.7 cells were used as a model. Baicalein inhibited iNOS protein production, and suppressed LPS-induced degradation of IkappaBalpha, the formation of a nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB)-DNA complex and NF-kappaB-dependent reporter gene expression. Thus, the therapeutic effects of baicalein were associated with reductions in TNF-alpha and superoxide anion levels during sepsis. The inhibitory effects of baicalein on iNOS production may be mediated by inhibition of the activation of NF-kappaB. Baicalein may thus prove a potential agent against endotoxemia.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.