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Abstract Title:

Molecular Study on the Potential Protective Effects of Bee Venom against Fructose-Induced Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis in Rats.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacology. 2020 Jul 8:1-13. Epub 2020 Jul 8. PMID: 32640454

Abstract Author(s):

Enas Ahmed Abd El-Haleim

Article Affiliation:

Enas Ahmed Abd El-Haleim

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: There is a causative relation between the increased hepatic steatohepatitis prevalence and sweeteners intake, fructose in particular. Despite an increasing understanding of the mechanisms of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) pathogenesis, there are no drugs approved for it.

OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the effect of bee venom (BV) treatment on the fructose-induced NASH in rats and demonstrate its possible molecular mechanisms.

METHODS: NASH was induced in rats by 10% fructose in drinking water for 8 weeks. BV was administered (0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) 3 times per week during the last 2 weeks of the experiment. Sera were used for the determination of lipids, cholesterol, glucose, insulin, and liver enzymes. Hepatic gene expressions of farnesoid X receptor (FXR)α and the liver X receptor (LXR) were determined. Hepatic sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)1/2, oxidative stress, and inflammation parameters were measured. Liver parts were used for histopathological examination. Small intestine was removed for the determination of tight junction proteins.

RESULTS: Fructose caused overt histological damage in the liver, and this was associated with parallel changes in all parameters measured. BV effectively prevented these changes, presumably through amelioration of hepatic SREBP1/2, LXR, and FXRα expression as well as intestinal tight junction proteins.

CONCLUSION: These findings support the therapeutic usefulness of BV, a remedy with a favorable safety profile, in the prevention of fructose-induced NASH.

Study Type : Animal Study

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