Abstract Title:

Berberine decreases insulin resistance in a PCOS rats by improving GLUT4: Dual regulation of the PI3K/AKT and MAPK pathways.

Abstract Source:

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2019 Nov 25:104544. Epub 2019 Nov 25. PMID: 31778716

Abstract Author(s):

Ning Zhang, Xiaoyan Liu, Lili Zhuang, Xuemei Liu, Huishan Zhao, Yinghua Shan, Zhenteng Liu, Fenghua Li, Yilin Wang, Jianye Fang

Article Affiliation:

Ning Zhang


Berberine has been found to exhibit an array of pharmacological activities relating to the lowering of blood glucose and the treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). The mechanism underlying these activites, however, is poorly understood. In the present study, female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were given oral letrozole to establish a model of insulin-resistant PCOS, and animals were then randomized into untreated or berberine-treated groups (400, 200, or 100 mg/kg). After 28 days, we measured homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity index (ISI) values in these animals. We further conducted H&E staining of ovarian tissues, assessed mRNA expression of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) via real time PCR, and used Western blotting to measure GLUT4 and PI3K/AKT and MAPK pathway protein levels. Berberine treatment was able to help restore HOMA-IR and ISI values to normal levels while simultaneously bolstering the expression of GLUT4. Normal ovarian morphology was also restored upon berberine treatment. We further found that 400 mg/kg berberine treatment was associated with activation of PI3K/AKT signaling and suppression of the MAPK pathway. In conclusion, berberine has the potential to reduce PCOS pathology and IR values in a rat model system through a mechanism linked to GLUT4 upregulation via PI3K/AKT activation andMAPK pathway suppression.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.