Betanin exhibits significant potential as an antihyperglycemic and attenuating the glycoprotein components in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced experimental rats.
Toxicol Mech Methods. 2018 Sep ;28(7):547-554. Epub 2018 May 21. PMID: 29708459
This study hypothesized to evaluate the effect of betanin, a chromoalkaloid on plasma and altered tissues glycoprotein components in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of streptozotocin (45 mg/kg b.w.) dissolved in 0.1 M citrate buffer (pH 4.5) 15 min after the i.p. administration of nicotinamide (110 mg/kg b.w.). Experimental rats were administered betanin at the dose of 20 mg/kg b.w. and glibenclamide (600 µg/kg b.w.) once a day for 30 days. Diabetic rats revealed significant (p < 0.05) increase in the levels of glucose, HbA, hexose, hexosamine, sialic acid and fucose in the plasma; decrease in the levels of plasma insulin, Hb and sialic acid in the liver and kidney; significant (p < 0.05) increase in hexose, hexosamine and fucose in the liver and kidney. Moreover, periodic acid-Schiff staining of tissues revealed positive-stain accumulation in diabetic rats. On co-supplementation of betanin and glibenclamide to diabetic rats for the period of 30 days brought back the levelsof plasma and tissues glycoprotein components. Based on the present study, we propose that betanin possesses significant protective effect on glycoprotein components in plasma and tissue of diabetic rats.