Abstract Title:

Betulinic acid suppresses breast cancer aerobic glycolysis via caveolin-1/NF-κB/c-Myc pathway.

Abstract Source:

Biochem Pharmacol. 2019 03 ;161:149-162. Epub 2019 Jan 24. PMID: 30684465

Abstract Author(s):

Lin Jiao, Shengqi Wang, Yifeng Zheng, Neng Wang, Bowen Yang, Dongmei Wang, Depo Yang, Wenjie Mei, Zhimin Zhao, Zhiyu Wang

Article Affiliation:

Lin Jiao


Emerging evidence has suggested that targeting glycolysis may be a promising strategy for cancer treatment. Betulinic acid (BA) is a natural pentacyclic terpene that has been reported to be active in inhibiting various malignancies. Here, we showed that BA could inhibit aerobic glycolysis activity in breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 by hampering lactate production, glucose uptake and extracellular acidification rate (ECAR), as well as suppressing aerobic glycolysis-related proteins including c-Myc, lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH-A) and p-PDK1/PDK1 (pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1). Mechanistic studies validated Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) as one of key targets of BA in suppressing aerobic glycolysis, as BA administration resulted in Cav-1 upregulation, whereas silencing Cav-1 abrogated the inhibitory effect of BA on aerobic glycolysis. Further investigations demonstrated that BA suppressed aerobic glycolysis in breast cancer cells by regulating the Cav-1/NF-κB/c-Myc pathway. More meaningfully, BA significantly inhibited breast cancer growth and glycolytic activity in both the transgenic MMTV-PyVTbreast cancer spontaneous model and the zebrafish breast cancer xenotransplantation model without any detectable side effects in vivo. Taken together, our study sheds novel insights into BA as a promising candidate drug for suppressing aerobic glycolysis, highlighting Cav-1 as a potential molecular target of BA and aerobic glycolysis regulation.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.