Abstract Title:

Bifidobacterium with the role of 5-hydroxytryptophan synthesis regulation alleviates the symptom of depression and related microbiota dysbiosis.

Abstract Source:

J Nutr Biochem. 2019 Apr ;66:43-51. Epub 2019 Jan 18. PMID: 30743155

Abstract Author(s):

Peijun Tian, Gang Wang, Jianxin Zhao, Hao Zhang, Wei Chen

Article Affiliation:

Peijun Tian


Depression disorder is rapidly advancing worldwide, and therapeutic strategy through gut-brain axis has been proven to be effective in the treatment. Here we studied the effect of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) treatment on depression. C57BL/6J mice were administered with LAB during a 5-week chronic unpredictable mild stress. Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis E41 and Bifidobacterium breve M2CF22M7, which improved the expression of Tph1 and secretion of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) in RIN14B cells, significantly reduced depressive behaviors of mice in the forced swim test, sucrose preference test and step-down test, as well as increased the level of 5-hydroxytryptamine and brain-derived neurotrophic factor concentration in brain. Besides, M2CF22M7 reduced the serum corticosterone level. E41 increased cecal butyrate level, which significantly and positively correlated with some depression-related indexes. Using 16S rRNA-amplicon sequencing of faces, E41 and M2CF22M7 were found to improve the chronic-stress-induced microbial dysbiosis. They also normalized the host's pathways involving metabolism and gene information processing. These results indicate that Bifidobacterium E41 and M2CF22M7 have an antidepressant effect in mice partly in a 5-HTP dependent and microbiota-regulating manner. Nurturing the gut microbiota with these strains may become an emerging therapeutic way for mood disorder.

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.