Effect of Bilberry Extract on Development of Form-Deprivation Myopia in the Guinea Pig.
J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2016 May ;32(4):196-202. Epub 2016 Mar 16. PMID: 26982283
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of bilberry extract, Difrarel, on form-deprivation myopia in guinea pigs.
METHOD: Thirty healthy pigmented guinea pigs, at the age of 3 weeks, were randomly assigned to 3 groups: 2 groups receiving daily orally administered Difrarel (300 mg/kg) either from the outset for 4 or 2 weeks after form deprivation and a control group. Form deprivation was induced with translucent eye patches on the right eye and lasted for 4 weeks. Another 12 guinea pigs without the form deprivation were assigned into 2 groups for oral administration ofDifrarel and saline for 4 weeks. The refractive errors and axial length were measured in both eyes, and the posterior sclera was removed and assayed to evaluate the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and collagen I by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot.
RESULTS: Oral administration of Difrarel for 4 weeks was found to inhibit the axial elongation and decrease the myopic shift of refractive errors in the form-deprived eye. Upregulation of MMP2 and degradation of collagen I in the sclera of form-deprived eye were observed, and these were prevented by orally administered Difrarel. Moreover, oral administration of Difrarel had no effects on axial length, refractive errors, and the expression of MMP2 in the normal eye.
CONCLUSION: This work demonstrates that orally administered Difrarel has an effect against form-deprivation myopia and raises the possibility that bilberry extracts or specific components might represent a useful treatment for preventing the progression of myopia in clinical practice.