Abstract Title:

Blue light irradiation inhibits the production of HGF by human retinal pigment epithelium cells in vitro.

Abstract Source:

Photochem Photobiol. 2006 Sep-Oct;82(5):1247-50. PMID: 16740060

Abstract Author(s):

Rengyuan Chu, Xiaofen Zheng, Donghong Chen, Dan-Ning Hu

Article Affiliation:

Rengyuan Chu


Blue visible light damage to retinal pigment epithelial cells occurs through a photooxidative mechanism and the resultant damage is hypothesized to induce or exacerbate age-related macular degeneration. The purpose of the present study was to identify changes in the cell growth and the expression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in cultured human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells as a result of both blue and red light irradiation. HGF is a growth factor and neurotrophic factor that stimulates growth of various ocular cells and promotes the survival of RPE and retinal neurons. Early passages of human RPE cells were exposed to blue light (460 nm) and red light (640 nm). Nonirradiated cells were used as controls. After 24 and 48 h, conditioned medium was collected and the amount of HGF was measured by ELISA. Cells were detached from the well and counted. Cell viability was evaluated by trypan-blue exclusion study. Blue light at dosage of 63 J/cm(2) significantly inhibited the growth of RPE cells without affecting of cell viability. Amounts of HGF in the culture medium were significantly inhibited by blue-light irradiation at the dosage from 32 to 63 J/cm(2). Red light at a dose of 174 J/cm(2) causes a nonsignificant inhibition of growth of RPE cells and a slight decrease of secretion of HGF. As HGF promotes survival of RPE cells and retinal neurons, the inhibition of production of HGF by visible light, especially by blue light, may enhance the phototoxic effects of visible light on the RPE and retinal neurons.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.