Abstract Title:

The Role of Breastfeeding in Childhood Otitis Media.

Abstract Source:

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2016 Sep ;16(9):68. PMID: 27595154

Abstract Author(s):

Caroline J Lodge, Gayan Bowatte, Melanie C Matheson, Shyamali C Dharmage

Article Affiliation:

Caroline J Lodge


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the recent literature, both systematic reviews and recently published original studies not included within those reviews, on the relationship between breastfeeding and childhood otitis media (OM).

RECENT FINDINGS: There is clear evidence that breastfeeding is associated with a reduced risk of OM in childhood with sound biological plausibility to support that the association is likely causal. Any breastfeeding reduces OM risk in early childhood by 40-50 %. Systematic reviews also support a further reduced risk for continued breastfeeding. Recent studies have estimated burden of disease savings if breastfeeding within countries and globally approached WHO guidelines. Cost savings per year for reduced cases of OM by increasing ever and exclusive breastfeeding rates are estimated to be millions of pounds or dollars for UK and Mexico. Breastfeeding reduces OM in children. The burden of disease and economic impact of increasing breastfeeding rates and duration would be substantial.

Study Type : Review
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