Bromelain reduced pro-inflammatory mediators as a common pathway that mediate antinociceptive and anti-anxiety effects in sciatic nerve ligated Wistar rats.
Sci Rep. 2021 Jan 11 ;11(1):289. Epub 2021 Jan 11. PMID: 33432004
Ahmed O Bakare
The involvement of pro-inflammatory mediators complicates the complex mechanism in neuropathic pain (NP). This study investigated the roles of bromelain against pro-inflammatory mediators as a mechanism that underpins its antinociceptive and anti-anxiety effects in the peripheral model of NP. Sixty-four male Wistar rats randomly divided into eight groups, were used for the study. A chronic constriction injury model of peripheral neuropathy was used to induce NP. Tail-immersion and von Frey filaments tests were used to assess hyperalgesia while open field and elevated plus mazes were used to assess anxiety-like behaviour. NF-кB, iNOS, nitrate, and pro-inflammatory cytokines were investigated in the plasma, sciatic nerve, and brain tissues using ELISA, spectrophotometer, and immunohistochemistry techniques after twenty-one days of treatment. Bromelain significantly (p < 0.05) improved the cardinal signs of NP and inhibited anxiety-like behaviours in ligated Wistar rats. It mitigated the increases in cerebral cortex interleukin (IL) -1β, IL-6, and PGElevels. Bromelain reduced NF-кB, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, PGEand nitrate concentrations as well as the expression of iNOS in the sciatic nerve. Hence, the antinociceptive and anxiolytic effects of bromelain in the sciatic nerve ligation model of NP is in part due to its ability to reduce nitrosative and inflammatory activities.