Caffeine ingestion attenuates fatigue-induced loss of muscle torque complexity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Caffeine Ingestion Attenuates Fatigue-induced Loss of Muscle Torque Complexity.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017 Oct 3. Epub 2017 Oct 3. PMID: 28991045
: The temporal structure, or complexity, of muscle torque output decreases with neuromuscular fatigue. The role of central fatigue in this process is unclear.
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that caffeine administration would attenuate the fatigue-induced loss of torque complexity.
METHODS: Eleven healthy participants performed intermittent isometric contractions of the knee extensors to task failure at a target torque of 50% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), with a 60% duty factor (6 s contraction, 4 s rest), 60 min after ingesting 6 mg·kg caffeine or a placebo. Torque and surface EMG signals were sampled continuously. Complexity and fractal scaling of torque were quantified using approximate entropy (ApEn) and the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) α scaling exponent. Global, central and peripheral fatigue were quantified using MVCs with femoral nerve stimulation.
RESULTS: Caffeine ingestion increased endurance by 30± 16% (mean ± SD, P = 0.019). Complexity decreased in both trials (decreased ApEn, increased DFA α; both P<0.01), as global, central and peripheral fatigue developed (all P<0.01). Complexity decreased significantly more slowly following caffeine ingestion (ApEn, -0.04± 0.02 vs. -0.06 ± 0.01, P = 0.004; DFA α, 0.03 ± 0.02 vs. 0.04 ± 0.03, P = 0.024), as did the rates of global (-18.2 ± 14.1 vs. -23.0 ± 17.4 N.m.min, P = 0.004) and central (-3.5 ± 3.4 vs. -5.7 ± 3.9 %·min, P = 0.02) but not peripheral (-6.1 ± 4.1 vs. -7.9 ± 6.3 N.m.min, P = 0.06) fatigue.
CONCLUSION: Caffeine ingestion slowed the fatigue-induced loss of torque complexity and increased the time to task failure during intermittent isometric contractions, most likely through central mechanisms.