Cannabidiol attenuates behavioral changes in a rodent model of schizophrenia through 5-HT1A, but not CB1 and CB2 receptors.
Pharmacol Res. 2020 Mar 6 ;156:104749. Epub 2020 Mar 6. PMID: 32151683
Naielly Rodrigues da Silva
Preclinical and clinical data indicate that cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychotomimetic compound from the Cannabis sativa plant, can induce antipsychotic-like effects. In an animal model of schizophrenia based on the antagonism of NMDA receptors, the behavioral and molecular changes induced by repeated treatment with the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 were prevented when CBD was co-administered with MK-801. It is unknown, however, if CBD would reverse these changes once they have been established. Thus, in the present study we used male C57BL/6J mice, 6 weeks old, to evaluate whether daily CBD injection for seven days, starting after the end of the repeated treatment with MK-801 for 14 days, would reverse MK-801-induced deficits in the social interaction (SI) and novel object recognition (NOR) tests, which have been used to investigate the negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia, respectively. We also assessed whether CBD effects would be blocked by pretreatment with AM251, a CB1 receptor antagonist, AM630, a CB2 receptor antagonist, or WAY100635, a 5-HT1A receptor antagonist. CBD and the second-generation antipsychotic clozapine, used as a positive control, attenuated the impairments in the SI and NOR tests induced by repeated administered MK-801. CBD effects were blocked by WAY100635, but not by AM251 or AM630. These data suggest that CBD induces antipsychotic-like effects by activating 5-HT1A receptors and indicate that this compound could be an interesting alternative for the treatment of negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia.