Capsaicin induced apoptosis in human bladder cancer cells activates dendritic cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Capsaicin-mediated apoptosis of human bladder cancer cells activates dendritic cells via CD91.
Nutrition. 2015 Apr ;31(4):578-81. Epub 2014 May 29. PMID: 25220876
Maria Saveria Gilardini Montani
OBJECTIVES: Immunostimulation by anticancer cytotoxic drugs is needed for long-term therapeutic success. Activation of dendritic cells (DCs) is crucial to obtain effective and long-lasting anticancer T-cell mediated immunity. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of capsaicin-mediated cell death of bladder cancer cells on the activation of human monocyte-derived CD1a+ immature DCs.
METHODS: Immature DCs (generated from human peripheral blood-derived CD14+ monocytes cultured with granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and interleukin-4) were cocultured with capsaicin (CPS)-induced apoptotic bladder cancer cells. DC activation was investigated using immunofluorescence and flow cytometric analysis for key surface molecules. In some experiments, CD91 was silenced in immature DCs.
RESULTS: We found that capsaicin-mediated cancer cell apoptosis upregulates CD86 and CD83 expression on DCs, indicating the induction of DC activation. Moreover, silencing of CD91 (a common receptor for damage-associated molecular patterns, such as calreticulin and heat-shock protein-90/70) in immature DCs led to the inhibition of DC activation.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that CPS-mediated cancer cell apoptosis activates DCs via CD91, suggesting CPS as an attractive candidate for cancer therapy.