Carboxymethylation of Corn Silk Polysaccharide and Its Inhibition on Adhesion of Nanocalcium Oxalate Crystals to Damaged Renal Epithelial Cells.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng. 2021 07 12 ;7(7):3409-3422. Epub 2021 Jun 25. PMID: 34170660
The purpose of this study was to explore the repair effect of carboxymethyl-modified corn silk polysaccharide (CSP) on oxidatively damaged renal epithelial cells and the difference in adhesion between cells and calcium oxalate crystals. The CSP was degraded and modified through carboxymethylation. An oxidatively damaged cell model was constructed by oxalate damage to human kidney proximal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells. Then, the damaged cells were repaired by modified polysaccharides, and the changes in biochemical indexes and adhesion ability between cells and crystals before and after repair were detected. Four modified polysaccharides with carboxyl group (-COOH) contents of 3.92% (CSP0), 7.75% (CCSP1), 12.90% (CCSP2), and 16.38% (CCSP3) were obtained. Compared with CSP0, CCSPs had stronger antioxidant activity, could repair damaged HK-2 cells, and could reduce phosphorylated serine eversion on the cell membrane, the expression of osteopontin (OPN) and Annexin A1, and crystal adhesion. However, its effect on the expression of hyaluronic acid synthase was not substantial. The carboxymethyl modification of the CSP can improve its ability to repair cells and inhibit crystal adhesion and aggregation. A high carboxymethylation degree results in strong polysaccharide activity. CCSPs are expected to reduce the risk of kidney stone formation and recurrence.