Cardamonin reduces chemotherapy resistance of colon cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Cardamonin reduces chemotherapy resistance of colon cancer cells via the TSP50/NF-κB pathway.
Oncol Lett. 2018 Jun ;15(6):9641-9646. Epub 2018 Apr 26. PMID: 29928339
It has previously been reported that cardamonin is able to regulate glycometabolism and vasodilation whilst also exhibiting anti-inflammatory and antitumor properties. The antitumor effect of cardamonin is multifaceted, and so it is necessary to investigate the antitumor mechanisms of cardamonin at the molecular level. Cardamonin alters chemotherapy-resistant colon cancer cell growth; however, the underlying mechanism is unknown. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of cardamonin on chemotherapy-resistant colon cancer cells and the possible mechanisms of action. Cardamonin significantly suppressed the growth of chemotherapy-resistant colon cancer cells, induced apoptosis and promoted caspase-3/9 activity and Bax protein expression in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-resistant HCT-116 cells. Cardamonin significantly suppressed c-MYC, octamer-binding transcription factor 4, cyclin E, testes-specific protease 50 and nuclear factor-κB protein expression in 5-FU-resistant HCT-116 cells. The findings of the present study demonstrate that cardamonin suppresses chemotherapy-colon cancer cell via the NF-κB pathway.