β-caryophyllene liposomes attenuate neurovascular unit damage after subarachnoid hemorrhage. - GreenMedInfo Summary
β-Caryophyllene Liposomes Attenuate Neurovascular Unit Damage After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Rats.
Neurochem Res. 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22. PMID: 32444923
This study was conducted to prepareβ-caryophyllene loaded liposomes (BCP-LP) and investigated their effects on neurovascular unit (NVU) damage after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rats. A blood injection into the pre-chiasmatic cistern was used to achieve SAH. BCP-LP were prepared, characterized and administrated to rats with SAH.The prepared BCP-LP were spherical with a size distribution of approximately 189.3 nm and Zeta potential of - 13.9 mV. Neurological scoring, the balance beam test, cerebral blood flow monitoring, brain edema and biochemical analyses were applied to evaluate the effects of BCP-LP on rat NVU damage after SAH. The results demonstrated that BCP-LP treatment improved neurological function disorder, balance ability and cerebral blood perfusion in rats. Brain edema detection and blood-brain barrier permeability detection revealed that BCP-LP could reduce brain edema and promote repairment of blood-brain barrier after SAH. Using the western blot experiments, we demonstrated that BCP-LP attenuated the loss of tight junction proteins Occludin and Zonula occludens-1, inhibit the high expression of VEGFR-2 and GFAP, and promote the repair of laminin. These results demonstrate the protective effect BCP-LP exert in the NVU after SAH in rats, and supports the use of BCP-LP for future study and therapy of SAH.