Abstract Title:

A case of extensive ulcerating vasculitis following a BCG vaccination.

Abstract Source:

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2009 Aug;62(8):e286-9. Epub 2007 Dec 31. PMID: 18166508

Abstract Author(s):

A Ghattaura, K A Eley, E Molenaar, G Smith

Article Affiliation:

Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Great Ormond Street, London WC1N 3JH, UK. [email protected]


Adverse reactions following BCG vaccination are uncommon, with an estimated prevalance of 0.4 per 1000 vaccines [Lotte A, Wasz-Hockert O, Poisson N, et al. Second IUATLD study on complications induced by intradermal BCG vaccination. Bull Int Union Tuber 1988;63:47-59]. Complications include erythema, blistering, abscess formation, regional lymphadenitis and keloid formation. The onset of cutaneous tuberculosis (TB) has also been reported. We describe the case of 12-year-old girl who developed extensive primary ulceration involving most of her left upper arm at the site of a BCG vaccination. A skin graft to the arm failed to take at the periphery and the ulcerated area increased to involve most of the upper lateral arm. Over a period of 18 months, secondary lesions developed on her forehead prompting further investigation of a systemic disease process. Following extensive immunological and microbiological examination, a diagnosis of vaccine-induced granulomatous vasculitis was made and the patient responded to a combination of antituberculous therapy and steroids. Once the disease process was under control, skin grafting of the ulcerated area was successful in achieving wound closure. Non-healing ulceration may be referred to the plastic surgeon and a diagnosis of vasculitis should be considered in difficult cases. A multidisciplinary team approach involving immunologists, dermatologists and plastic surgeons provides the best opportunity for a successful long-term outcome in terms of disease control as well as immediate skin cover.

Study Type : Human: Case Report

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.